Milk is perceived as a healthful food produced by happy cows on green hillsides. But the reality of U.S. dairy production doesn’t quite match the wholesome image. Hundreds of thousands of small pasture-based dairies have disappeared from the landscape as milk production is increasingly occurring at CAFOs (confined animal feeding operations)— large and crowded facilities that take advantage of ill-advised farm policies to make a less nutritious product; pollute our air, water, and soil; and reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics in humans.
(lead paragraph from the Executive Summary of Cream of the Crop–The Economic Benefits of Organic Dairy Farms, a report by Union of Concerned Scientists ©2012)
Read the Executive Summary and the full report in the files provided below.